RAFT is a writing tool used to develop studentís writing ability. RAFT helps students focus on a topic and write for a specific purpose. The role, audience, format, and topic are defined by the student or teacher prior to writing. Students develop their work based on the RAFT.

When to use

this strategy:

With fiction or nonfiction writing

To make the writing more exciting and focused

To help students learn to write for a purpose

With any and all subjects



You are the Big Bad Wolf speaking to the local news station telling them your side of the story.

You are the fraction Ĺ and you are debating with the fraction 3/6 as to why you are equal.

You are the dollar bill writing a business letter to a producer telling him how supply and demand can affect his business.


What does

it look like?

Click here to see a template for RAFT.

How to use

this strategy:

The teacher can begin by clearly defining what RAFT means and how to turn a RAFT into a writing assignment. Use an example to model for students. As students learn to use RAFT, they can later develop their own components to the RAFT as a writing frame.