Strategy:

K W L

(Know-Want to Know-Learned)

   

Explanation:

A KWL chart has several purposes. First, it is used to generate background knowledge about something students will be learning. By identifying what children already know about a topic, students easily connect to new learning. Second, it creates a framework for learning. Students identify what they hope to learn during the lesson, which generates greater interest and guides their learning. Finally, it serves as a measuring tool to see just how much students have learned about the topic.
   

When to use

this strategy:

To get students talking about a topic

To generate background knowledge

To get students invested in the upcoming lesson

To get students actively engaged in their reading

   

Ideas:

mammals

geometry

recycle

any type of nonfiction material

   

What does

it look like?

Click here to see a template for a KWL chart.
   

How to use

this strategy:

Before you introduce new information, brainstorm with children what they already "know" about the topic. Record this information under K on the chart. Next, ask students what they hope to learn about this topic through the lesson. Record this under the W on the chart. Introduce the new material. Go back to the chart and correct any information under K as you introduce new information. Finally, add to the L column by exploring what children learned from the lesson.