Colds and Flu

Cold or Flu- the symptoms are similar; both are caused by viruses and must run their course. The best treatment available is symptom relief.

Cold Symptoms

Flu Symptoms

•            Irritability

•            Red Eyes

•            Restlessness

•            Sore Throat

•            Sneezing

•            Dry Cough

•            Runny Nose

•            Last 4 to 10 Days

•            Cold Symptoms

•            Chills

•            Severe Headache

•            Muscle

•            Aches

•            Abrupt Onset of Fever for 2 to 5 Days

•            Diarrhea

•            Extreme Fatigue

•            Pain or Burning Sensation when moving the eyes

•            A dry, hacking cough lasting one to two weeks

Call the doctor if…

       The fever remains at 104 degrees Fahrenheit or higher or persists for more than 3 day

       The glands in the neck become swollen

       A whitish coating can be seen on the tonsils or throat

       Nasal discharge becomes colored (yellowish or greenish) after five days of cold or remains colored after seven to ten days

       Your child experiences a persistent earache, cough, chest pain or sinus pain

       Symptoms get better and then worsen again

       Your child has a severe headache with a stiff neck, fever, nausea, and vomiting

       A skin rash appears

       One or both eyes become red, and a yellow pasty discharge holds the eyelids together

       Your child experiences rapid or difficult breathing

Symptoms Relief

       Help your child get plenty of rest

       Offer plenty of liquids

       Run a cool-mist humidifier in the room where your child sleeps

       Limit milk, cheese and other dairy products for  a few days

       Have your child thoroughly wash his hands frequently

       Give your child acetaminophen every 4-6 hours for fever and muscle aches. Don’t give aspirin to children under 18 years of age unless directed by their doctor.

       Avoid cold remedies that do everything at once. Treat a stuffy nose with a decongestant; treat a cough with cough medicine, ect.

       Dry, hacking coughs respond to honey in hot water, tea or lemon juice. (Exceptions: Never give honey to a child under 1 year of age.

       To relieve nasal congestion, use nose drops. You can make your own by mixing one half-teaspoon of salt with lukewarm water. One to two drops in each nostril while the child is lying on his back followed by blowing the nose will help congestion.